“Grassroots activism is essential to building a base of support strong enough to overcome well-funded opposition. That is the political task at hand for anyone who wants to be part of the solution to the climate crisis.”

The Obstacles We Need To Overcome

Chapter Sixteen

Political Obstacles

p. 350 John Kenneth... the unpalatable.”
J.K. Galbraith, The Oxford Dictionary of Quotations, 1999, Fifth Edition: 328.
p. 350 Even Hurricane... position on the issue.
Kerry Emanuel, Nature, “Increasing Destructiveness of Tropical Cyclones Over the Past 30 Years,” August 4, 2005. Available at http://www.nature.com/nature/journal/v436/n7051/abs/nature03906.html
p. 352 Fortunately, however... challenges simultaneously.
Robert Pollin, James Heintz, and Heidi Garrett-Peltier, “The Economic Benefits of Investing in Clean Energy,” Center for American Progress, June 18, 2009. Available at http://www.americanprogress.org/issues/2009/06/pdf/peri_report.pdf
p. 352 Powerful industries... nonprofit organizations.
Kate Galbraith, “Climate Letter Forgeries Stir Outrage,” Green Inc. Blog, The New York Times, August 4, 2009. Available at http://greeninc.blogs.nytimes.com/2009/08/04/climate-letter-forgeries-stir-outrage/
p. 352 And since so many... Republicans said yes.
The Pew Research Center for the People & the Press, “Deeper Partisan Divide Over Global Warming,” May 8, 2008. Available at http://people-press.org/report/417/a-deeper-partisan-divide-over-global-warming
p. 352 Who Believes Humans Are Causing Global Warming?
The Pew Research Center for the People & the Press, A Deeper Partisan Divide Over Global Warming (May 8, 2008): 3. Available at http://people-press.org/reports/pdf/417.pdf
p. 355 Oil and coal companies... the campaign.
OpenSecrets, “Presidential Candidates: Contributions by Sector,” 2008. Available at http://www.opensecrets.org/pres08/sectorall.php?cycle=2008
p. 355 In just the first... on global warming.
Politico, “Avalanche! Agenda fuels ad landslide,” April 13, 2009. Available at http://www.politico.com/news/stories/0409/21134.html
p. 355 Since, on average... unprecedented rate.
Nielsen, “A2/M2 Three Screen Report,” 4th Quarter 2008. Available at http://blog.nielsen.com/nielsenwire/wp-content/uploads/2009/02/3_screens_4q08_final.pdf
p. 355 Moreover, these same companies... more than eight to one!
Marianne Lavelle, “The Climate Change Lobby Explosion,” Center for Public Integrity, February 24, 2009. Available at http://www.publicintegrity.org/investigations/climate_change/articles/entry/1171/

Marianne Lavelle, “The Climate Lobby's Nonstop Growth,” Center for Public Integrity, May 19, 2009. Available at http://www.publicintegrity.org/investigations/climate_change/articles/entry/1376/

“Gore Business: 2340 Climate Lobbyists,” Politico, February 25, 2009. Available at http://www.politico.com/news/stories/0209/19255.html
p. 355 This new technique... establishing a controversy.”
Brown & Williamson, “Smoking and Health Proposal,” Tobacco Documents Online, 1969. Available at http://tobaccodocuments.org/landman/332506.html
p. 355 Now this same... threat of global warming.
George Monbiot, “The Denial Industry,” The Guardian, September 19, 2006. Available at http://www.guardian.co.uk/environment/2006/sep/19/ethicalliving.g2
p. 355 In the late 1980s...rather than fact.”
Sharon Begley, “The Truth About Denial,” Newsweek, August 13, 2007. Available at http://www.newsweek.com/id/32482/output/print
p. 358 The creation of an entire... scientific consensus.
George Monbiot, “The Denial Industry,” The Guardian, September 19, 2006. Available at http://www.guardian.co.uk/environment/2006/sep/19/ethicalliving.g2
p. 358 Another internal... national scale.”
James Hoggan and Richard Littlemore, Climate Cover-Up: The Crusade to Deny Global Warming, 2009: 70-1.
p. 358 According to one... warming science.
Greenpeace, Exxon Secrets Database, “Organizations in Exxon Secrets Database.” Available at http://www.exxonsecrets.com/html/listorganizations.php
p. 358 In only one example... scientific community.
The Guardian, “Scientists Offered Cash to Dispute Climate Study,” February 2, 2007. Available at http://www.guardian.co.uk/environment/2007/feb/02/frontpagenews.climatechange
p. 359 One of their advisers... issue in the debate.”
The Guardian, “Memo Exposes Bush's New Green Strategy,” March 4, 2003. Available at http://www.guardian.co.uk/environment/2003/mar/04/usnews.climatechange
p. 359 To choose only... in public anyway.
Andrew C. Revkin, “Errors Cited in Assessing Climate Data,” The New York Times, August 12, 2005. Available at http://www.nytimes.com/2005/08/12/science/earth/12climate.long.html?ex=1281499200&en=2588a631b8c5cc5d&ei=5090&partner=rssuserland&emc=rss

“Key Claim Against Global Warming Evaporates,” MSNBC, August 11, 2005. Available at http://www.msnbc.msn.com/id/8917093/

Coby Beck, “The Satellites Show Coolingâ No, They Don't,” Grist, November 4, 2006. Available at http://www.grist.org/article/the-satellites-show-cooling/

John Christy and Roy Spencer, “Satellite Temperature Data,” Washington Roundtable on Science and Public Policy, April 17, 2006. Available at http://www.marshall.org/pdf/materials/415.pdf
p. 360 For example, one denier... on our planet.
Coby Beck, “Mars and Pluto are Warming Tooâ No They Aren't, What If They Were?” Grist, December 19, 2006. Available at http://www.grist.org/article/mars-and-pluto-are-warming-too/

“Pluto Is Undergoing Global Warming, Researchers Find,” MIT News, October 9, 2002. Available at http://web.mit.edu/newsoffice/2002/pluto.html
p. 360 But since it takes... ridiculous argument.
NASA, “Pluto: Facts & Figures.” Available at http://solarsystem.nasa.gov/planets/profile.cfm?Object=Pluto&Display=Facts
p. 360 Eventually... on global warming.
Naomi Oreskes, Science, “The Scientific Consensus on Climate Change,” December 3, 2004. Available at http://www.sciencemag.org/cgi/content/full/306/5702/1686
p. 360 Characteristically... the consensus.
Benny Peiser, Unpublished Letter to Science Magazine, January 4, 2005. Available at http://www.staff.livjm.ac.uk/spsbpeis/Scienceletter.htm
p. 360 However, upon closer... at this time.”
Coby Beck, “Peiser Refuted Oreskesâ in A Poor Piece of Work That Has Been Retracted By Its Author,” Grist, November 17, 2006. Available at http://www.grist.org/article/peiser-refuted-oreskes

ABC Television, MediaWatch, “Bolt's Minority View,” October 30, 2006. Available at http://www.abc.net.au/mediawatch/transcripts/s1777013.htm

L.C. Gerhard and B.M. Hanson, AAPG Bulletin, April 2000: 466-471.
p. 360 But a number of... to take place.
The Stern Review, “Stern Review on Economics of Climate Change.” Available at http://www.hm-treasury.gov.uk/sternreview_index.htm
p. 361 In 1992, the Information Council on the Environment
Naomi Oreskes, “You Can Argue with the Facts: The Denial of Global Warming,” presentation, Stanford University, April 17, 2008. Available at http://www.aip.org/history/powerpoints/GlobalWarming_Oreskes.ppt
p. 362 The carbon polluters'... special interests.
Eric Pooley, “How Much Would You Pay to Save the Planet? The American Press and the Economics of Climate Change,” Joan Shorenstein Center on the Press, Politics and Public Policy Discussion Paper Series #D-49, January 2009. Available at http://www.pewclimate.org/docUploads/Pooley-Paper.pdf
p. 362 As distinguished... than not acting.”
Michael Oppenheimer, Nightline, ABC News, February 24, 1994.
p. 363 An extensive study... fairly accurately.
Jules Boykoff and Maxwell Boykoff, “Balance as Bias: Global Warming and the U.S. Prestige Press,” Global Environmental Change (July 2004): 125-136.
p. 363 In 1989, Amoco... Climate Coalition (GCC).
Sourcewatch, “Global Climate Coalition.” Available at http://www.sourcewatch.org/index.php?title=Global_Climate_Coalition
p. 363 In the spring of 2009... less than candid.
Andrew C. Revkin, “Industry Ignored Its Scientists on Climate,” The New York Times, April 23, 2009. Available at http://www.nytimes.com/2009/04/24/science/earth/24deny.html?_r=1&pagewanted=1&am
p. 364 By the middle... IPCC.
The Royal Society, “Joint Science Academies' Statement: Global Response to Climate Change,” June 7, 2005. Available at http://royalsociety.org/document.asp?latest=1&id=3222
p. 365 The peak of public... paid for.
Richard J. Bord, Ann Fisher, and Robert O'Connor, “Public Perceptions of Global Warming: United States and International Perspectives,” Climate Research, December 17, 1998: 75-84.

Jules Boykoff and Maxwell Boykoff, “Balance as Bias: Global Warming and the U.S. Prestige Press,” Global Environmental Change, July 2004: 125-136.
p. 365 Beginning in January... urgency of global warming.
Andrew C. Revkin, “Bush Aide Softened Greenhouse Gas Links to Global Warming,” The New York Times, June 8, 2005. Available at http://www.nytimes.com/2005/06/08/politics/08climate.html

Andrew C. Revkin, “Ex-Bush Aide Who Edited Climate Reports to Join ExxonMobil,” The New York Times, June 15, 2005. Available at http://www.nytimes.com/2005/06/15/science/14cnd-climate.html?scp=1&sq=cooney%20exxon&st=cse
p. 365 In a lengthy investigative... climate change.”
Sharon Begley, “The Truth About Denial,” Newsweek, August 13, 2007. Available at http://www.newsweek.com/id/32482/output/print
p. 365 (One of them received... as CEO.)
Jad Mouawad, “For Leading Exxon to Its Riches, $144,573 a Day,” The New York Times, April 15, 2006. Available at http://www.nytimes.com/2006/04/15/business/15pay.html
p. 366 In 2006, the Royal... to global warming.
The Royal Society, Letter to ExxonMobil, September 4, 2006. Available at http://image.guardian.co.uk/sys-files/Guardian/documents/2006/09/19/LettertoNick.pdf

James Hoggan and Richard Littlemore, Climate Cover-Up: The Crusade to Deny Global Warming, 2009: 84-5.
p. 366 However, a scholar... published report.
David Adam, “ExxonMobil Continuing to Fund Climate Sceptic Groups, Records Show,” The Guardian, July 1, 2009. Available at http://www.guardian.co.uk/environment/2009/jul/01/exxon-mobil-climate-change-sceptics-funding
p. 366 Throughout the world.. favor of taking action.
For more information on the Alliance for Climate Protection, see http://www.climateprotect.org/
p. 368 Both major-party nominees... global warming pollution.
Carlos Pascual and Strobe Talbott, “Years to Climate Midnight,” The Washington Post, August 28, 2008. Available at http://www.washingtonpost.com/wp-dyn/content/article/2008/08/27/AR2008082703108.html